Growing up I never learned what science, technology and math formulas and equations really are.


I blustered my way through all courses that dealt with formulas and equations: from algebra to physics, chemistry to economics, relying on a mix of charm and pleading to pass my courses. I got C’s and D’s on tests. Even F’s.

I remember puzzling over the symbol f(x). Even in my 3rd year of college, after physics, calculus and economics courses heavily reliant on this symbol, I didn’t really know what it meant. I used it every day. I flew blind.

Years later, I became a software developer. At first it went OK. It seemed more comprehensible. Soon I hit rougher seas. Only years later, after many struggles and setbacks as a programmer, did I recognize that in school I had suffered a double failure. Not only had I failed to understand formulas, I’d never learned a key skill at the heart of STEM education: abstract problem-solving.

Programming demands the same skillset as math and science equation-solving. Georg Polya, a Hungarian mathematician from the golden age of Central European, German-speaking mathematics, describes this skillset in his classic work for math teachers: How To Solve It.


What is the problem?

What is the condition (to satisfy a solution)?

What are the data?

Starting from such simple questions, Polya explicates the heart of the the one method whereby we humans go about solving all our problems: From fixing the plumbing of a kitchen-sink to debugging an intricate IT-system. Today in the United States, 75% of community college students fail a basic algebra test. Last month a high school physics teacher told me that at least half his students graduate never understanding formulaic problem-solving. baugarten_calculation_game

The worldwide demand for STEM professionals expands, meanwhile, with each passing day. The world’s economies strain to fill key STEM professions. $2.4 trillion is spent on education worldwide, and it’s safe to say that STEM represents at least $1 trillion of that.

What if there was a game where, in creating settlements and managing your resources, each building, each crop, each tool, each process, each resource – was the picture and bringing-to-life… of a formula?

What if every tomato seed you planted, every windmill you built, every railroad track you laid, every gram of fertilizer you placed, every meter of wooden fence you dug, every cubic meter of water you stored, every centimeter of sailing cloth canvas you wove – and the fish your settlers could catch to feed themselves as a result - you could manage… with a formula? baugarten_harvest_game

What if every formula you encountered was a tool - a visual tool - that helped you to grow a farm and a city - and trade resources - in a multiplayer game with your classmates, your friends, your parents, your tutor and your STEM teacher - each of whom is building his or her own farm or city?

How important is motivation to life? How important is motivation to you in your life?

I would like to propose that motivation is, precisely, everything. If we want to land men on the moon, we can. Motivation is a magic fire that transforms everything we place inside of it. Plato writes that education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire.

Baugarten, our STEM-formula learning game, is the metamorphosis of dead black symbols on a whiteboard into the living colorful buildings, plants, processes, tools, resources and playthings of a world-building game.

The most exciting element of Baugarten is that we aren’t the only ones who create this list of game features: you do, too. Baugarten is ‘moddable’. You can modify the game to add plants, buildings, tools, resources, processes yourself - and connect them to formulas you want to learn or teach.

I’m creating the game Baugarten to help myself as a kid. And in doing so, I hope that we can help kids around the world who struggled like I did.

The Baugarten World-Building Game for STEM formulas